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L'asthme est appelé "Tamaka shvasa" dans l'Ayurvéda et il est considéré comme l'affection respiratoire la plus dangeureuse. Elle résulte d'une réaction du corps à un ou plusieurs allergènes et se manifèste au niveau des poumons et des bronches.

During an attack of Bronchial Asthma you have to literally gasp for every breath - breathing out being more difficult than breathing in, since the air cannot be properly driven out of the lungs before you have to take another breath. For chronic patients these frequent attacks, specially in the night or early morning, are often preceded by nasal congestion and sneezing.

Root Causes
Either allergy inducing factors as weather conditions, dust, food, drugs, perfumes, pollution etc. or psychological factors as deep-seated emotional insecurity, an intense need for parental love etc. or hereditary / genetic factors.

Healing Options
Herbs Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) Vasak (Adhatoda vasika)
Ayurvedic Suppliments Vasavaleh Kanakasav Talisadi Churna Kantakaryavaleha

Diet A limited quantity of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. A liberal amount of
alkali-forming foods - fresh fruits, green vegetables, sprouted seeds and grains.
Avoid foods which tend to produce phlegm - rice, sugar, lentils and curd. Avoid
difficult-to-digest foods - strong tea, coffee, alcoholic beverages, condiments,
pickles, sauces and all refined and processed foods.

Lifestyle Avoid excess humidity Avoid exposure to dust, fumes & pollen grains
Check your allergens

Yoga Half Wheel (Ardha Chakrasana) Bow (Dhanura Asana)

Virechan Chikitsa in Tamakshwas (Asthma)

By - Dr.Deepak Taralekar.

Nowadays shwas(Asthma ) is one of the major diseases that causes more medical emergencies. Many factors are supposed to be an increasing factors of the disease.Increased industrialisation, chemicals used in various factories,overpopulation,pollution are some of them.

According to Ayurvedic concepts, asthma is considered as Shwas -Rog . And it is mainly divided in 5 types.

  • Mahashwas
  • Urdhwashwas
  • Chhinnashwas
  • Tamakshwas
  • Kshudrashwas.
Tamak Shwas : Tamak means darkness . During the attack patient feels dark,black in front of his eyes,He cant see anything and becomes breathless . Tamak shwas is' Yappya' i.e. controllable, many times it becomes an emergency and finally causes to death of the patient. As it is supposed to be Yappya , but when there are recurrent attacks ,remains long period without the proper treatment, it becomes 'Asadhya' means uncurable.

Tamak shwas is aslo divided in 2 subtypes
A) Santamak-In which fever and fainting are the associated symptoms. This is aggrevated in night.
B) Pratamak-Caused by psychological factors , and patient can get relief with cold air,cold food.

Samprapti (Pathogenesis):
Due to increased Kaph dosha, Strotorodh in Pranvaha Strotas (blockage in the respiratory systems), natural direction of the Vata is blocked and blocked Vata dosh is reversly directed (Pratilom Vayu).Due to Vat dosha dryness is increased and natural lubrication is disturbed hence causes the difficulty in breathing. Breathing becomesd stressful, effortful,noisy ,rate of respiration is increased And patient feels difficulty in natural process of breathing.

Chikitsa [Treatment ] of Tamakshws :
According to ayurvedic concepts, tratment is divided in two major types . First is Shaman chikitsa , in which disease causing factors (doshas) are suppressed. And second is the 'Shodhan Chikitsa' in which doshas are removed from the body. In this topic we are discussing about the Shodhan Chikitsa for the Tamakshwas.

Shodhan Chikitsa of Tamak-shwas : Virechan (Purgation)
It is considered to be the main treatment factor. If in the Virechan chikitsa the doshas are removed from GI system (Annavaha strotas),it is helpful for the respiratory system . How ?
Let us see what happens when we give Virechan in Tamak-Shwas .

1) Virechan is suggested as a safe than the Vaman chikitsa (In Vaman chikitsa doshas are removed from the mouth with the help of vomitting )in shwas. Because in Vaman chikitsa direction of the doshas is upwards and it is same as a direction of doshas in the disease .Side effects of Vaman chikitsa may cause difficulty for breathing to patient.and hence shwas(breathlessness) will be increased .

2) Before the Virechan we give Snehan and swedan (Lubricating factors ) it aslo helps for liquification of the doshas ,Hence after this the doshas are removed easily from the body without difficulty to patient.

3)In Tamakshwas main dosha (causing factor of the disease) is supposed to be 'Kapha dosha ' and Origin of the kapha dosha is supposed to be' Amashya' (stomach). In upper half of stomach Kaph is major and lower half' Pitta dosh' is major . When we give the Virechan chikitsa , both this doshas are removed one by one (firstly Pitta and secondly Kapha) . Hence the Samprapti(pathogenesis) of the disease is broken , Obstruction is controlled and Strotorodh ( the systems) is vanished .

4)Generally in Tamak shwas attack is in the early morning or late night. Both these periods are supposed to be time of Pitta prasar-kal (that means pitta dosha is prominant at this time and ready to transfer. So it can be easily removed with the help of Virechan) .

5) Virechan is also supposed to be the secondary treatment of Kaph dosha. and Kaph dosha is the main causing factor of the Shwas.

6) Origin of the shwas rog is at the (Phupusa) lungs. Lungs are orginated from the frothing of the blood (Ayurvedic concepts of the origin of the organs)


As rakta (blood) and Pitta are supportive to each oters both are pured with the Virechan -Shodhan chikitsa.

Tamak shwas-( Shaman chikitsa):
There are many ayurvedic preparations used seccessfully for the treatment of the asthma.

  • 1) shwaskuthar Ras
  • 2) Kumari Asav
  • 3)Kanakasav
  • 4)Sitopaladi Churna
  • 5)Bruhatvatchintamni ras
  • 6)sameerpannag .
  • 7)Vardhaman Pippali rasayan.
Emergency treatment - Hemabhrasindur mixture is supposed to be an emergency treatment in shwas .

Asthma (Shwas Roga)

In today's stressful modern urbanised living, incidence of Asthma is considerably increasing. The rapid industrialisation ,excessive crowding ,Increasing pollution are some of the factors responsible for this increase in incidence of Bronchial Asthma.
It has been stated that 15% of Indian population suffers from Asthma and in developed countries like USA every year there is 10% increase of Asthmatic patients
Every now and then we come across patients of Asthma seeking Ayurvedic treatment and advice. This is because of the versatile approach of Ayurveda to root cause of the problem and it's belief in preventing the disease rather than treating it.
Ayurvedic Concept : In Ayurveda, Asthma is known as 'Swas Roga'

Samprapti (Pathogenesis) :
The vitiated 'Pranvayu' combines with deranged 'Kapha dosha' in the lungs causing obstruction in the 'Pranavaha srotasa'(Respiratory passage). This results in gasping and laboured breathing. This condition is known as 'Swas Roga'
Types : Five types of 'Swas Roga' are described in Ayurvedic texts
Among these five types first three are not curable. 'Tamak-shwas is 'yapya'(Controllable) and is difficult to cure. The last one is curable. More than 75% of the cases belong to last two catagories.
Cause :
A] Factors related to diet:
Excessive indulgence in lablab beans ,black grams, raw milk, soar curd, excess salt, flesh of aquatic and wet land animals.
Excessive use of 'Ruksha'(dry) and 'Guru'(heavy) diet, excessive use of cold water and cold drinks.
Excessive use of 'Abhishandi'(Kapha producing) diet, Excessive use of not easily digestible and irritant food.
B] Factors related to work :
Excessive exposure to dust and smoke.
Excessive wind, cold, cold bath or excessive heat, sun bath.
Exhaustive exercise, walking, excessive sexual activities.
Supression of natural urges
Psychological factors
C] Other Factors :
Trauma to vital organs viz. - chest, throat
Asthma may be as a sequaelae in other diseases like -
Fever, Long standing common cold, Tuberculosis , Anaemia, Heart disease, Poisoning etc.
Preventive Tips :

    1. Avoid cold and damp places.
    2. Go for morning or evening walk, do yoga mainly 'Pranayama'
    3. Avoid over eating . Take light dinner one hour before going to bed
    4. Avoid Tobacco, wine and smoking
    5. Keep rooms well ventilated . Avoid air conditioners, coolers and direct air of fan
    6. Avoid perfumes , Agarbatti. Mosquito repellents
    7. Drink boiled water in plenty
    8. Avoid over exercise and over indulgence in sex
        Treatment :
A] During attacks -
Apply warm 'Til tail' over chest and back .Apply fomentation
        Take 'sunth powder'1/4 tea spoon+'Kali mirch' 6+'Kala namak 1/4 teaspoon+ 5 leaves of 'Tulsi' Boil this mixture in 200 ml water reducing it to 50 ml. Filter and sip it.
        Medicines -Ayurvedic medicines are very safe and cure the problem to a great extent. Few common medicines are -Swaskuthar ras, Sitopaladi choorna, Vasavleha etc.
B] Treatment in between Attacks - 'Rasayan -chikitsa is advocated for'Pranvaha shrotasa'(Respiratory system). For example -'Vardhaman pippali rasayana.'

        Lung Tonic - Make paste of Black resin,dates, long pippali and honey,in equal quantity.Take one teaspoonful of it morning and evening with warm milk.

        Panchakarma especially 'Vaman' is advocated before rainy season

Simple Home Remedies :

  • Express the juice from garlic. Mix 10 to 15 drops in warm water and take internally for asthma relief.
  • Mix, onion juice ¼ cup, honey 1 tablespoon and black pepper 1/8 tablespoon.
  • Mix licorice and ginger together. Take ½ tablespoon in 1 cup of water for relief from asthma.
  • Drink a glass of 2/3 carrot juice, 1/3 spinach juice, 3 times a day .
  • Add 30-40 leaves of Basil in a liter of water, strain the leaves and drink the water throughout the day effective for asthma.

Ayurveda and Yoga therapy for Asthma

by Christine Machiraju

The prevalence of asthma in North America has increased markedly in recent decades. Since the 1960s, asthma and asthma symptoms among children and adolescents have increased each decade by up to 75%,.
The United States and Canada have among the highest prevalences of both asthma symptoms and diagnosed asthma for both children and adults. Currently more than 1 North American in 10 has asthma, 35.5 million people overall.

Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by:

  • recurrent breathing problems
  • breathlessness
  • wheezing
  • chest tightness
  • coughing.
Asthma symptoms vary over time, and also differ in severity from one individual to another. When it is not effectively treated, asthma often leads to hospitalization, missed work and school, limitations on physical activity, sleepless nights and in some cases death.
Asthma is often treated with steroids that actually weaken the lungs when used long term and come with many side effects such as:
Dryness, candida or yeast infection, lowered immunity, thinning of bronchioles, rashes, psoriasis and many more.
The sciences of yoga and ayurveda suggest that there are many ways to prevent asthma and treat it as well

Types of asthma.
Ayurveda states that there are five types of asthma determined by their range in difficulty to treat and three types based on imbalance of:
· the air element - dry type asthma,
· fire element - infection type asthma
· water type - congestion type asthma

Who is at risk?
Dry type asthma is usually found in people who are tin, frail and who have dry skin and constipation and are sensitive to cold climates.
Infection type asthma is usually found in those who are hot, who are prone to infection in general, who have red rashes on the skin or psoriasis and who are prone to bronchitis. Congestive type asthma is usually found in those who are heavier in body weight, big boned, prone to colds and sinus congestion or chest congestion and water retention and are sensitive to cold and humid climates..

Upon seeing these characteristics what can we do to reduce our chances of developing asthma?
To treat dry type asthma - one should increase fluid intake. This will help to increase moisture and oxygen in the body. One should also keep the head, chest and back covered on cool days and avoid exposure to wind. Massage the body daily with sesame oil to add moisture to the body and try to eat foods that are moist and warm rather than raw, cold and rough dry foods. Avoid dairy products and nuts.
For infection type asthma- one should drink plenty of water and avoid eating after 10:00 PM. Eating late in the night can cause the accumulation of toxins in the body due to improper digestion. One should also avoid deep fried foods, exertion in the cold or heat and should try to eat more fruits and vegetables rather than meats and dairy. If a person who is prone to infection type asthma he or she should try to ingest more turmeric, Echinacea in the form of tea and dandelion to prevent infections and boost the immune system. Mediation and breathing exercises are also helpful for such people as their asthma is usually related to stress and anger.
For congestive type asthma - one should avoid dairy, wheat products, refined sugar and excess sweet, sour and salty foods. They should try to eat bitter, astringent and spicy foods to increase circulation and flow of mucus and to prevent congestion. They can massage the chest and back with mustard oil to promote circulation in the chest. Balm of Gilead is very effective when rubbed on the chest. It can prevent a chest cold from turning into pneumonia and can dilate the bronchial tubes to encourage deeper breathing. People who are prone to this type of asthma should exercise daily and try to do some cardio exercise for fifteen minutes per day. They should also avoid eating before 10:00am and after 9:00pm to ensure that they do not suffer from weak digestion which is the prime cause of asthma for them. They should keep the head and torso covered on cool days and avoid walking in the rain. It is important for them to drink hot water or Luke warm water rather than cold water and they should avoid iced beverages, ice cream and other cold foods to prevent mucus from becoming clogged.

In general, all people with asthma or chest problems should perform deep breathing exercises daily and can add a few simple spices to their diets to help keep their chests clear.
Ginger, turmeric, black pepper cumin can be ground together and mixed with honey to create a paste. A teaspoon a day of this mixture is very useful in keeping the chest clear. Applying balm of Gilead, eucalyptus oil, cinnamon oil or clove oil to the chest and back also helps to improve breathing. Note, essential oils should be mixed with a base oil - sesame would be the best for those with dry or infection type asthma or mustard for those with congestion type asthma.

Below is a breathing technique than can be used to help increase lung capacity and stamina.
Deep Breath

  • While inhaling, always remember that the body is being filled with air. When something is full it expands.
  • When we exhale we are emptying the body, thus, it will contract or shrink as it is emptied.
  • Also remember that unless otherwise mentioned, all breathing is done through the nose.
  • Sit in a position that is comfortable. The posture should be good. If the spine is not straight, the body cannot fill to its full capacity.
  •   Sit with the hands on the ribs and tummy and inhale. Fill the tummy first and then feel the inhalation filling the rest of the lungs. Continue to breathe until the throat is full and then immediately begin to exhale. Exhale until the body is completely empty.
  • Repeat this exercise four times.
  • This breath can be performed anytime during the day to help you relax.
Benefits - It is very good for those who have asthma as it helps to increase lung capacity and awareness of the lungs and the breathing process. It also helps to soothe both body and mind.
Many ailments can be treated with this breathing exercise because it increases the flow of oxygen to all parts of the body.

Note, for chronic conditions or severe cases of asthma it is always better to consult a qualified helath practitioner, but we have tried to provide you with some simple tips to help improve your quality of living.

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